Ford Model T
Model Year: 1914
Location of Manufacture: Walkerville, Ontario
With the goal of offering a car that almost everyone could afford, the Ford Motor Company introduced the Model T in 1908. It was the first car to be mass-produced on an assembly line rather than being put together by hand. By 1914, the assembly-line process had become so efficient, it took only 93 minutes to put together a Model T. Streamlined production methods resulted in lower costs for consumers, thus making the Model T affordable for the middle classes as well as for the workers who actually assembled it.
The Model T was the first car to be manufactured in numerous countries simultaneously. Factories existed in the U.S., Canada, Mexico and England, as well as in Europe and South America. By 1927, over 15 million Model Ts had been produced worldwide – a production figure which was not surpassed until 1972, by the VW Beetle.
The end of the Model T came in the late 1920s, and was the result of the same fierce certainty that Henry Ford had exhibited in developing the car in the early 1900s. He believed that the Model T offered everything a driver could want. This attitude, along with limitations imposed by the assembly-line process, resulted in only very minor changes to its design and features. Other automobile companies offered newer models at comparable prices along with credit incentives. As a result, the Model T’s market share began to slip and it ceased production in May 1927.